What is the treatment of breast cancer in men?
Your doctor will first find the extent, depth, and type of your breast cancer. They will also consider your age, overall health and personal preferences. The various treatment options include
Depending upon the extent of the tumor in your breast, your doctor can perform any of the two surgeries: partial mastectomy or complete mastectomy. Partial mastectomy, also known as lumpectomy and breast-conserving surgery, removes only the tumor and aims to conserve the maximum part of the breast. This type of surgery is most commonly thought of more in women than in men. Complete mastectomy is performed when the tumor has most likely have spread all over the breast.
Chemotherapy involves administering anti-cancer drugs in the form of intravenous (IV) injections or oral pills. Your doctor may give it before the surgery to shrink the tumor so that surgery can be on a smaller tumor easily. It may also be given after the surgery if the tumor seems to have spread beyond the breast.
Radiation involves focusing waves of high-energy beams on the tumor to shrink it. Similar to chemotherapy, it may be given before or after the surgery.
Depending upon the status of your biopsy report, your doctor may plan to administer HER2-targetted drugs or hormonal therapy. These medications are generally given to people with advanced breast cancer or to those in whom breast cancer fails to respond to all other treatments.