What is the prognosis of encephalopathy?
Long-term prognosis depends on the cause and severity of encephalopathy. Many forms of encephalopathy are reversible if diagnosed early and treated appropriately. Some types progressively worse, whereas others may not. All types can have the potential to be fatal if not treated and are severe, whereas some types are always fatal.
Early diagnosis and treatment for the cause of encephalopathy may improve your symptoms or completely cure encephalopathy. Some types of encephalopathy can cause permanent damage to the brain. There are several treatment and rehabilitation plans available for encephalopathy.
Can encephalopathy be prevented?
Some types of encephalopathy that may be genetic cannot be prevented. Most of the other types are preventable.
Following lifestyle changes may help reduce the risk of encephalopathy:
- Avoiding drinking excess alcohol
- Maintaining target blood pressure as advised by the doctor
- Avoiding smoking. Besides nicotine, cigarettes contain several other toxic chemicals.
- Avoiding exposure to toxic chemicals such as asbestos or silicone dust
- Avoiding substance abuse (consuming recreational drugs)
- Eating a healthy, balanced diet
- Protecting the head from trauma by wearing a helmet when possible
- Avoiding home births
- Getting treatment for chronic medical conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, liver disease, infections, or kidney disease