How is liver cancer pain managed?
The physician chooses to remove cancer with surgery, chemotherapy or radiation. Medications for pain fall into three categories
- Over the counter and prescription: For mild pain, fever and swelling, the physician may prescribe acetaminophen, aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen.
- Weak opioid: Codeine is a weak opioid prescribed for cancer pain.
- Strong opioid: Fentanyl, methadone and morphine are the potent opioids used to relieve cancer pain.
- Antidepressants, anti-seizure drugs and steroids are also useful in treating cancer pain.
Moreover, additional therapy might help treat pain, which includes
- Nerve block: Sometimes, a nerve block or local anesthetic relieves or reduces pain. The physician injects local anesthesia into or near nerves in the abdomen.
- Radiation: It can reduce the tumor size, thus relieving some or all of the pain.
Alternative treatment may also be used along with medical management to treat cancer pain, which includes
- Massage therapy
- Physical therapy