How is diabetic retinopathy treated?
Treatment of diabetic retinopathy mainly involves controlling blood sugar levels. When diabetic retinopathy progresses to diabetic macular edema, the eye specialist may prescribe various treatment options, which include:
- Injecting the anti-VEGF medications that include Avastin, Eylea, and Lucentis into the eye to reduce swelling and improve vision
- Steroid injections may also help to reduce macular swelling
- Laser surgery might help seal the leaking blood vessels
- Vitrectomy may be recommended in advanced proliferative diabetic retinopathy
Regular eye check-ups are necessary to prevent vision loss and further eye complications.