What is fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a condition characterized by widespread pain in the body accompanied by tiredness, sleep, memory lapses, and mood issues.
Symptoms may start after specific events called triggers. These include physical assault, emotional trauma such as death of a loved one, pregnancy, surgery, or serious illness. Sometimes, there may be no identifiable trigger.
Fibromyalgia is more common in women than in men. Many patients with fibromyalgia may also have other associated conditions such as tension headaches, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), anxiety, or depression.
You must discuss the various treatment options for fibromyalgia with your doctor. It is possible improve the symptoms and quality of life with proper management.
What causes fibromyalgia?
The exact cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, but various factors are found to play a role in fibromyalgia. It is thought that chemical imbalance in the brain may cause the person to perceive even “touch” or “poke” as pain. The factors that make you likely for fibromyalgia may include the following:
- Genetics: Fibromyalgia has been found to run in families. There may be certain genetic mutations that increase the risk of this disorder.
- Infections: Certain systemic illnesses may trigger or aggravate fibromyalgia.
- Physical or emotional trauma: Fibromyalgia can sometimes be triggered by acute psychological stress or physical trauma such as an accident.
Risk factors for fibromyalgia are as follows:
- Female sex: Fibromyalgia is more common in women than in men.
- Family history: A positive family history increases the risk.
- Other disorders: Other conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or lupus can increase the risk.