What are the signs and symptoms of diabetic macular edema?
The characteristic symptom of diabetic macular edema is blurred or wavy vision. The problem may be more pronounced at the center of your vision. Double vision may also be present, and you may see floaters. You may also see washed-out or faded colors. If left untreated, the condition can progress, and you may lose your vision permanently. The vision loss due to macular edema is irreversible. As soon as you start experiencing vision problems in diabetes, you need to visit your doctor right away.
How is diabetic macular edema treated?
The primary treatment of diabetic macular edema involves controlling your blood sugar levels first. Other treatments are targeted toward the eye. These help you stop the progression of diabetic macular edema and help prevent vision loss. Your doctor will discuss each treatment option with you. They will work with you to decide the best one for you. The treatment options are:
- Focal laser: Uses laser light to close and destroy leaking blood vessels.
- Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drugs: Injection of drugs that block the development of new blood vessels and decrease the leakage from the blood vessels in the eye.
- Corticosteroid: An injection of steroids into the eye or an injectable steroid eye implant to release the drug over time.