Thyroid cancer is abnormal growth and uninhibited multiplication of the cells of the thyroid gland.
Thyroid cancer is abnormal growth and uninhibited multiplication of the cells of the thyroid gland. It ultimately results in a gradual decline in the function of the normal cells and eventual deterioration of human health.
The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system that regulates hormones in the body. The thyroid gland absorbs iodine from the bloodstream to produce thyroid hormones that regulate a person’s metabolic rate. A healthy thyroid gland is barely palpable. If a tumor develops in the thyroid, it is felt as a lump in the neck. A tumor can be cancerous or benign. A tumor is considered malignant when it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. The staging of thyroid cancer and prognosis varies depending on the type of thyroid cancer.
Stage IV thyroid cancer is advanced disease, and cancer has spread beyond the thyroid gland and to distant organs. Stage IV thyroid cancer is difficult to treat, and the prognosis is not as good. Sometimes, only palliative care may be possible if cancer has spread to the brain. A complete cure may not be possible once cancer reaches stage IV. Most types of thyroid cancer have a 100% cure rate in the early stages (stages I and II). Hence, patients should seek treatment as early as possible.
Medically Reviewed on 4/30/2021