Signs and symptoms of a malfunctioning hypothalamus (hypothalamic dysfunction) usually develop due to various reasons. Hypothalamic dysfunction may cause the following problems:
If the malfunctioning hypothalamus affects the thyroid, the affected person can get underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). Symptoms may include:
If the malfunctioning hypothalamus affects the adrenal glands, symptoms that develop may include:
What is the function of the hypothalamus?
The hypothalamus helps in maintaining the coordination between various systems of the body. Its function includes regulation of various factors:
- Body temperature
- Salt and water balance
- Sex drive
- Production of breast milk
- Sleep–wake cycle
Another important function of the hypothalamus is to control the pituitary gland, which lies below the hypothalamus. The pituitary gland is an important organ that controls organs such as the adrenal glands, thyroid gland, ovaries, and testes.