What do you mean by IQ?
IQ stands for intelligence quotient, which remains a popular tool for job placement and educational services, particularly helping to place children in an appropriate setting for their educational needs. An IQ score is a numerical representation of an individual’s intelligence within a normalized scale of test results. Most modern tests are adjusted so that the mean score is 100. IQ score is a combination or an average of multiple scores. Questions on an intelligence test will judge various categories such as working memory, verbal comprehension, processing speed, and perceptual reasoning. All these individual scores are combined to create your overall IQ. IQ scores are often a combination of verbal and performance scales. Typically, individuals are stronger in one area than the other; therefore, the combination of these scores can better identify the intelligence.
What are the differences between aptitude tests and IQ tests?
The difference between aptitude tests and intelligence quotient (IQ) tests is as follows:
Aptitude tests: Most aptitude tests assess a specific set of skills; cognitive aptitude tests can measure a broad range of abilities and provide individual scores for each ability. Cognitive aptitude testing can be done through standardized tests or game-based assessments.
- These tests can measure specific areas of intelligence.
- Age is not a factor.
- There is a score for each category.
- These tests are highly predictive of job performance.
- The most common use is pre-employment testing.
IQ tests: They are typically standardized tests that cover a wide range of questions including logical, visual, spatial, classification, analogical, and pattern-driven questions. The IQ is determined by the deviation between the test score and the average test score of people of your age. IQ is considered a rough metric for general intelligence.
- These tests measure general intelligence.
- Age is used to determine IQ scores.
- One general score is determined.
- These are moderately predictive of job performance.
- The most common uses are research and education.