What are the treatment options for kidney disease?
There is no cure for chronic kidney disease (CKD), although treatment can slow or halt progression of the disease and prevent development of other serious conditions. Treatment of CKD depends on the stage and results of blood tests and other associated ailments. It includes
- Treatment of high blood pressure (take prescribed medicines, restrict salt, lose weight and perform regular exercise)
- Controlling blood sugar if diabetes is present (diet, regular exercise and diabetic medications)
- Treatment of anemia (iron supplements and erythropoietin stimulation agents)
- Treatment of mineral and bone disorders (to correct calcium, phosphorus and parathyroid hormone levels with diet restrictions and medications)
- Control cholesterol levels with diet and medications
- Regular exercise
- Follow a diet program with low purine and low protein content
If a person has kidney failure (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] less than 15 mL/min/1.73 m2), they may require initiation of dialysis based on their symptoms and GFR. Kidney transplant is also an option.
When a person is diagnosed with CKD and confronted with the scope of all restrictions and treatments that now become necessary, they probably will feel like their ailment is the end of the world. However, there is still hope. Lifestyle changes can likely slow down disease progression significantly. Being diagnosed with CKD can be anxiety producing, but support and advice are available to help patients cope. Kidney transplantation is an excellent option for those who are eligible for it.